PLACENTALS

 

 

 

All species

Genetic code-based life

††† Eukaryotes

††††† Triploblasts

†††† †† Deuterostomia

†††† †††† Vertebrates

††††††††† Jawed vertebrates

††††††††† ††† Bony vertebrates

††††††††† ††††† Lungfishes and tetrapods

††††††††††††† †† Amniotes

†††† †††††††††††††† Mammals

†††††††††††††††††† Placentals (4157 spp)

 

 

 

Gymnures and hedgehogs (20 spp)

 

†††† Hylomys suillus (lesser gymnure)

†††† Neohylomys hainanensis (Hainan moonrat)

†††† Paraechinus aethiopicus (desert hedgehog)

†††† 17 Other Gymnures and hedgehogs

 

Solenodons (2 spp)

 

†††† Solenodon cubanus

†††† Solenodon paradoxus

 

Tenrecs (23 spp)

 

†††† Microgale cowani (long-tailed tenrec)

†††† Potamogale velox (giant African water shrew)

†††† Tenrec ecaudatus (tenrec)

†††† Tenrec 4

†††† Tenrec 5

†††† Tenrec 6

†††† Tenrec 7

†††† Tenrec 8

†††† Tenrec 9

†††† Tenrec 10

†††† Tenrec 11

†††† Tenrec 12

†††† Tenrec 13

†††† Tenrec 14

†††† Tenrec 15

†††† Tenrec 16

†††† Tenrec 17

†††† Tenrec 18

†††† Tenrec 19

†††† Tenrec 20

†††† Tenrec 21

†††† Tenrec 22

†††† Tenrec 23

 

Golden moles (18 spp)

 

†††† Amblysomus hottentotus (African golden mole)

†††† Chrysospalax trevelyani (large golden mole)

†††† Cryptochloris wintoni (De Wintonís golden mole)

†††† Eremitalpa granti (Grant's desert golden mole)

†††† Golden mole 5

†††† Golden mole 6

†††† Golden mole 7

†††† Golden mole 8

†††† Golden mole 9

†††† Golden mole 10

†††† Golden mole 11

†††† Golden mole 12

†††† Golden mole 13

†††† Golden mole 14

†††† Golden mole 15

†††† Golden mole 16

†††† Golden mole 17

†††† Golden mole 18

 

Shrews (289 spp)

 

†††† Anourosorex squamipes (mole shrew)

†††† Chimarrogale himalayica

†††† Crocidura dolichura

†††† Diplomesodon pulchellum

†††† Feroculus feroculus

†††† Myosorex polli

†††† Nectogale elegans

†††† Paracrocidura schoutedeni

†††† Ruwenzorisorex suncoides

†††† Scutisorex somereni (hero shrew)

†††† Solisorex pearsoni

†††† Sorex alpinus (long-tailed shrews)

†††† Sorex araneus (European shrew)

†††† Suncus murinus

†††† Sylvisorex ollula

†††† 274 Other Shrews

 

Moles, shrew moles, desmans (32 spp)

 

†††† Desmana moschata (Russian desman)

†††† Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern American mole)

†††† Uropsilus soricipes (Asiatic shrew mole)

†††† 29 Other Moles, shrew moles, desmans

 

Elephant shrews (15 spp)

 

†††† Elephantulus brachyrhynchus (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus edwardii (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus fuscipes (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus fuscus (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus intufi (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus myurus (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus revoili (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus rozeti (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus rufescens (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Elephantulus rupestris (long-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Macroscelides proboscideus (short-eared elephant shrew)

†††† Petrodromus tetradactylus (forest elephant shrew)

†††† Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (checkered elephant shrew)

†††† Rhynchocyon cirnei (checkered elephant shrew)

†††† Rhynchocyon petersi (checkered elephant shrew)

 

Flying lemurs (2 spp)

 

†††† Cynocephalus variegatus

†††† Cynocephalus volans

 

Bats (986 spp)

 

†††† Acerodon celebensis

†††† Aethalops alecto

†††† Alionycteris paucidentata

†††† Aproteles bulmerae

†††† Balionycteris maculata

†††† Boneia bidens

†††† Casinycteris argynnis

†††† Chaerephon russata

†††† Cheiromeles torquatus

†††† Chironax melanocephalus

†††† Cynopterus brachyotis

†††† Desmodus rotundus (common vampire bat)

†††† Dobsonia beauforti

†††† Dyacopterus spadiceus

†††† Eidolon dupreanum

†††† Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)

†††† Eumops underwoodi

†††† Harpiocephalus harpia

†††† Miniopterus tristis

†††† Molossops temminckii

†††† Molossus sinaloae

†††† Mops trevori

†††† Mormopterus doriae

†††† Murina ussuriensis

†††† Myopterus whitleyi

†††† Mystacina tuberculata

†††† Nanonycteris veldkampi (little flying cow)

†††† Nyctinomops macrotis

†††† Nyctophilus walkeri

†††† Otomops wroughtoni

†††† Otonycteris hemprichi

†††† Pharotis imogene

†††† Philetor brachypterus

†††† Pipistrellus tenuis

†††† Plecotus auritus

†††† Promops nasutus

†††† Pteropus alecto (flying fox)

†††† Rhogeessa tumida

†††† Scotoecus pallidus

†††† Scotomanes ornatus

†††† Scotophilus viridis

†††† Tadarida ventralis

†††† Tomopeas ravus

†††† Tylonycteris robustula

†††† Vespertilio superans

†††† 941 Other Bat

 

Tree shrews (16 spp)

 

†††† Anathana ellioti (Indian tree shrew)

†††† Ptilocercus lowii (pen-tailed tree shrew)

†††† Tupaia glis (tree shrew)

†††† Tree shrew 4

†††† Tree shrew 5

†††† Tree shrew 6

†††† Tree shrew 7

†††† Tree shrew 8

†††† Tree shrew 9

†††† Tree shrew 10

†††† Tree shrew 11

†††† Tree shrew 12

†††† Tree shrew 13

†††† Tree shrew 14

†††† Tree shrew 15

†††† Tree shrew 16

 

Primates (223 spp)

 

†††† Cebuella pygmaea (pygmy marmoset)

†††† Colobus guereza (white colobus monkey)

†††† Daubentonia madagascariensis (aye-aye)

†††† Gorilla gorilla

†††† Homo sapiens

†††† Hylobates syndactylus (siamang gibbon)

†††† Macaca fuscata (Japanese macaques)

†††† Microcebus murinus (mouse lemur)

†††† Otolemur garnettii (greater bush baby)

†††† Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)

†††† Papio cynocephalus (yellow baboon)

†††† Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)

†††† Tarsius syrichta (Mindanao tarsier)

†††† 210 Other Primate

 

Lagomorphs (80 spp)

 

†††† Brachylagus idahoensis (pygmy rabbit)

†††† Bunolagus monticularis (bushman rabbit)

†††† Caprolagus hispidus (bristly rabbit)

†††† Lepus alleni (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus americanus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus arcticus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus brachyurus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus californicus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus callotis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus capensis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus castroviejoi (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus comus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus coreanus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus europaeus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus fagani (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus flavigularis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus habessinicus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus hainanus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus insularis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus mandshuricus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus melainus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus nigricollis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus oiostolus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus othus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus peguensis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus saxatilis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus sinensis (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus starcki (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus timidus (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus townsendii (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus victoriae (arctic hare)

†††† Lepus yarkandensis (arctic hare)

†††† Nesolagus netscheri (Sumatra short-eared rabbit)

†††† Ochotona alpina (pika)

†††† Ochotona argentata (pika)

†††† Ochotona cansus (pika)

†††† Ochotona collaris (pika)

†††† Ochotona curzoniae (pika)

†††† Ochotona dauurica (pika)

†††† Ochotona erythrotis (pika)

†††† Ochotona forresti (pika)

†††† Ochotona gaoligongensis (pika)

†††† Ochotona gloveri (pika)

†††† Ochotona himalayana (pika)

†††† Ochotona hyperborea (pika)

†††† Ochotona iliensis (pika)

†††† Ochotona koslowi (pika)

†††† Ochotona ladacensis (pika)

†††† Ochotona macrotis (pika)

†††† Ochotona muliensis (pika)

†††† Ochotona nubrica (pika)

†††† Ochotona pallasi (pika)

†††† Ochotona princeps (pika)

†††† Ochotona pusilla (pika)

†††† Ochotona roylei (pika)

†††† Ochotona rufescens (pika)

†††† Ochotona rutila (pika)

†††† Ochotona thibetana (pika)

†††† Ochotona thomasi (pika)

†††† Oryctolagus cuniculus (domestic rabbit)

†††† Pentalagus furnessi (Ryukyu rabbit)

†††† Poelagus marjorita (Central African rabbit)

†††† Pronolagus crassicaudatus (red rabbit)

†††† Pronolagus randensis (red rabbit)

†††† Pronolagus rupestris (red rabbit)

†††† Romerolagus diazi (volcano rabbit)

†††† Sylvilagus aquaticus (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus audubonii (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus bachmani (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus brasiliensis (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus cunicularis (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus dicei (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus floridanus (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus graysoni (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus insonus (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus mansuetus (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus nuttallii (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus obscurus (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus palustris (cottontail)

†††† Sylvilagus transitionalis (cottontail)

 

Rodents (1814 spp)

 

†††† Aplondontia rufa (sewellel)

†††† Abrocoma cinerea

†††† Aconaemys sagei

†††† Agouti taczanowskii

†††† Amblyrhiza inundata

†††† Ammospermophilus harrisii (antelope ground squirrel)

†††† Atlantoxerus getulus

†††† Brotomys voratus

†††† Callosciurus adamsi

†††† Capromys pilorides

†††† Carterodon sulcidens

†††† Castor canadensis (beaver)

†††† Cavia porcellus (guinea pig)

†††† Chaetomys subspinosus

†††† Clidomys parvus

†††† Clyomys laticeps

†††† Cratogeomys merriami (Mexican pocket gopher)

†††† Cricetus cricetus (common hamster)

†††† Ctenomys validus

†††† Cynomys gunnisoni

†††† Cynomys ludovicianus (plains prairie dog)

†††† Dactylomys peruanus

†††† Diplomys rufodorsalis

†††† Dremomys everetti

†††† Echimys unicolor

†††† Elasmodontomys obliquus

†††† Epixerus ebii

†††† Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)

†††† Eupetaurus cinereus (woolly flying squirrel)

†††† Euryzygomatomys spinosus

†††† Exilisciurus exilis

†††† Geocapromys thoracatus

†††† Heteropsomys insulans

†††† Hexolobodon phenax

†††† Hoplomys gymnurus

†††† Hybomys univittatus (Eastern back-striped mice)

†††† Isolobodon portoricensis

†††† Isothrix pagurus

†††† Kannabateomys amblyonyx

†††† Lonchothrix emiliae

†††† Makalata armata

†††† Malpaisomys insularis (Canarian lava fields mouse)

†††† Marmota baibacina (marmot)

†††† Marmota bobak (marmot)

†††† Marmota broweri (marmot)

†††† Marmota caligata (marmot)

†††† Marmota camtschatica (marmot)

†††† Marmota caudata (marmot)

†††† Marmota flaviventris (marmot)

†††† Marmota himalayana (marmot)

†††† Marmota marmota (marmot)

†††† Marmota menzbieri (marmot)

†††† Marmota monax (marmot)

†††† Marmota olympus (marmot)

†††† Marmota sibirica (marmot)

†††† Marmota vancouverensis (marmot)

†††† Mesocapromys sanfelipensis

†††† Mesomys stimulax

†††† Microtus montebelli (vole)

†††† Mus musculus (house mouse)

†††† Myocastor coypus

†††† Myoprocta exilis

†††† Mysateles prehensilis

†††† Octodon lunatus

†††† Octodontomys gliroides

†††† Octomys mimax

†††† Olallamys edax

†††† Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)

†††† Plagiodontia ipnaeum

†††† Proechimys iheringi

†††† Rattus rattus (house rat)

†††† Rhombomys opimus (great gerbil)

†††† Quemisia gravis

†††† Rhizoplagiodontia lemkei

†††† Sciurus carolinensis (Eastern gray squirrel)

†††† Spalacopus cyanus

†††† Tamias alpinus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias amoenus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias bulleri (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias canipes (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias cinereicollis (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias dorsalis (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias durangae (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias merriami (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias minimus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias obscurus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias ochrogenys (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias palmeri (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias panamintinus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias quadrimaculatus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias quadrivittatus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias ruficaudus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias rufus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias senex (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias sibiricus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias siskiyou (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias sonomae (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias speciosus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias striatus (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias townsendii (chipmunk)

†††† Tamias umbrinus (chipmunk)

†††† Thrichomys apereoides

†††† Tympanoctomys barrerae

†††† 1711 Other Rodent

 

Cetacea (79 spp)

 

†††† Globicephala melas (pilot whale)

†††† Orcinus orca (killer whale)

†††† Phocoena phocoena (common porpoise)

†††† Tursiops truncatus (bottle-nosed dolphin)

†††† 75 Other Cetacea

 

Carnivora and Pinnipedia (279 spp)

†††† SEE SEPARATE LIST

 

Proboscidea (2 spp)

 

†††† Elephus maximus (Asian elephant)

†††† Loxodonta africana (African elephant)

 

Sirenia (4 spp)

 

†††† Dugong dugon (dugong)

†††† Trichechus inunguis (Amazonian manatee)

†††† Trichechus manatus (West Indian manatee)

†††† Trichechus senegalensis (West African manatee)

 

Hyraxes (7 spp)

 

†††† Dendrohyrax dorsalis (tree hyrax)

†††† Heterohyrax antineae (gray hyrax)

†††† Procavia capensis (rock dassie)

†††† Hyrax 4

†††† Hyrax 5

†††† Hyrax 6

†††† Hyrax 7

 

Odd-toed ungulates (17 spp)

 

†††† Ceratotherium simum (white rhinoceros)

†††† Equus caballus (horse)

†††† Equus zebra (mountain zebra)

†††† Tapirus indicus (Asiatic tapir)

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 5

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 6

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 7

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 8

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 9

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 10

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 11

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 12

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 13

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 14

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 15

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 16

†††† Odd-toed ungulate 17

 

Even-toed ungulates (212 spp)

 

†††† Alces alces (Alaskan moose)

†††† Bison bison (American bison)

†††† Bos taurus (domestic cattle)

†††† Camelus dromedarius (camel)

†††† Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)

†††† Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamos)

†††† Lama glama (llama)

†††† Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)

†††† Oreamnos americanus (North American mountain goat)

†††† Ovis aries (domestic sheep)

†††† Phacochoerus aethiopicus (wart hog)

†††† Sus scrofa (wild boar and domestic pig)

†††† 200 Other Even-toed ungulate

 

Scaly anteaters (7 spp)

 

†††† Manis javanica (Malayan pangolin)

†††† Manis pentadactyla (Chinese pangolin)

†††† Manis tricuspis (African tree pangolin)

†††† Manis 4

†††† Manis 5

†††† Manis 6

†††† Manis 7

 

Orycteropus afer (aardvark)

 

Xenarthrans (29 spp)

 

†††† Chaetophractus vellerosus (hairy armadillo)

†††† Choloepus didactylus (two-toed sloth)

†††† Myrmecophago tridactyla (giant anteaters)

†††† Xenarthran 4

†††† Xenarthran 5

†††† Xenarthran 6

†††† Xenarthran 7

†††† Xenarthran 8

†††† Xenarthran 9

†††† Xenarthran 10

†††† Xenarthran 11

†††† Xenarthran 12

†††† Xenarthran 13

†††† Xenarthran 14

†††† Xenarthran 15

†††† Xenarthran 16

†††† Xenarthran 17

†††† Xenarthran 18

†††† Xenarthran 19

†††† Xenarthran 20

†††† Xenarthran 21

†††† Xenarthran 22

†††† Xenarthran 23

†††† Xenarthran 24

†††† Xenarthran 25

†††† Xenarthran 26

†††† Xenarthran 27

†††† Xenarthran 28

†††† Xenarthran 29